It is Women play an important role in transmitting knowledge of the Mediterranean diet: Daily main meals were highlighted; the concept of frugality and moderation was more emphasized because of the major public health challenge of obesity. In andthrough an international scientific consensus process, a new revised Mediterranean diet pyramid Figure 1 was developed to be adapted to contemporary lifestyles.
On this occasion, an international consensus was also reached on a new revised Mediterranean diet pyramid in which, for the first time, biodiversity and eco-friendly products, with a lower impact on the environment, were inserted together with main Mediterranean diet characteristic foods 5 This UNESCO acknowledgment highlighted that the Mediterranean diet notion was encompassing a social cultural expression of the different food cultures of the Mediterranean and the importance of the Mediterranean diet was not just in its specific foods and nutrients, but in the way in which its characteristic foods were produced, cooked, and eaten.
Markets also play a key role as spaces for cultivating and transmitting the Mediterranean diet during the daily practice of exchange, agreement and mutual respect.
More cross-disciplinary studies on environmental, economic and socio-cultural, and sustainability dimensions of the Mediterranean diet are foreseen as a critical need.
Eating together is the foundation of the cultural identity and continuity of communities throughout the Mediterranean basin. Therefore, FAO and CIHEAM-Bari started a joint collaboration on the Mediterranean diet as a case study on which to develop and validate methods and indicators for the assessment of the sustainability of diets and food consumption patterns in the Mediterranean area.
Some studies have shown that foods with lower greenhouse gas emissions do not have always respect for diversity meditarrean diet higher nutritional values 7778and more studies are also needed to assess the relation between the nutrient adequacy of individual foods and total diets in relation to multiple sustainability assessments However, variations of this eating pattern can be found in other Southern Europe countries as well as in Western Asia and North Africa.
Transmitted from generation to generation, particularly through families, the Mediterranean diet provides a sense of belonging and sharing and constitutes for those who live in the Mediterranean basin a marker of identity and a space for sharing and dialogue.
It is a moment of social exchange and communication, an affirmation and renewal of family, group or community identity. Markets also play a key role as spaces for cultivating and transmitting the Mediterranean diet during the daily practice of exchange, agreement and mutual respect.
As a result, the Mediterranean diet is an expression of the different food cultures present in the Mediterranean region, with diverse food consumption and production patterns, in continuous evolution representing the particular historical and environmental mosaic that is the Mediterranean 2.
Therefore, a SFSs approach, in which also its socio-cultural and economic benefits are highlighted together with the well-appreciated healthy and environmental ones, can contribute to the enhancement of the Mediterranean diet. It is important to preserve and promote this lifestyle, as it encompasses not only a healthy diet, but also the history, culture and habits of the people who share it.
Despite the diversity of eating habits and traditions of these populations, it is possible to identify a common eating matrix, based on the production and consumption of olive oil Nestle, Since then, the Mediterranean diet has been widely studied and reported to be respect for diversity meditarrean diet model of healthy eating associated with significant nutritional and health benefits 7 — Moreover, more recent data have confirmed that in many Mediterranean countries the loss of adherence to the Mediterranean diet is continuing and increasing 22 — 30linked also to the current economic downturn Inreported rates for overweight and obesity were as follows: Therefore, changes toward optimizing both food consumption and food production are foreseen to ensure more SFSs and contribute to achieve food and nutrition security in the Mediterranean region These changes pose serious threats to the preservation and transmission of the Mediterranean diet heritage to present and future generations.
It includes the craftsmanship and production of traditional receptacles for the transport, preservation and consumption of food, including ceramic plates and glasses. Several dietary guidelines for specific Mediterranean populations have been also developed, associated with a pyramidal representation, such as for the Spanish 33Greek 34and Italian populations 35 Wine in moderation is acceptable when it is not contradictory to religious and social norms 3 — 5.
Since the early 90s, the healthy Mediterranean diet pattern has been popularized using a pyramid representation as a dietary guideline, in which were highlighted graphically the foods to consume daily, weekly, or less frequently 3.
It is a moment of social exchange and communication, an affirmation and renewal of family, group or community identity.
Food consumption is variably affected by a wide range of factors including food availability, food accessibility, and food choices, which in turn may be influenced by geography, demography, disposable income, socio-economic status, urbanization, globalization, religion, culture, marketing, and consumer attitude 73 Agros, the emblematic community of Cyprus Agros is a traditional village in the Troodos Mountains, in the Pitsillia area.
Inscription of the element on the Representative List could contribute to raising awareness of the significance of healthy and sustainable food related practices in other parts of the world, while encouraging intercultural dialogue, testifying to creativity and promoting respect for cultural, environmental and biological diversity.
Despite its increasing popularity worldwide, adherence to the Mediterranean diet model is decreasing for multifactorial influences — life styles changes, food globalization, economic, and socio-cultural factors.
The abundant presence of unsaturated fatty acids mainly monounsaturatedfrom olive oil consumption — main source of oleic acid — and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from fish, nuts and seeds, together with a low consumption of saturated and trans fatty acids present in red meat, are important nutritional factors for the protection of cardio- and cerebrovascular health Martinez-Gonzalez, et al.
Consumer choice can play a leading role to orient food production toward sustainability, by selecting certain types of products according to their geographic origin, production process, thereby creating value especially for small producers.
Markets also play a key role as spaces for cultivating and transmitting the Mediterranean diet during the daily practice of exchange, agreement and mutual respect. Introduction Mediterranean dietary patterns have developed over the past or more years spreading from the Fertile Crescent 1 and influenced by the conquests of many different civilizations, the consolidated dietary rules of the three main monotheistic religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islamand continuous interactions, additions, and exchanges inside and outside the region.
More Info UNESCO The Mediterranean diet involves a set of skills, knowledge, rituals, symbols and traditions concerning crops, harvesting, fishing, animal husbandry, conservation, processing, cooking, and particularly the sharing and consumption of food.
Since then, various dietary scores of adherence to the Mediterranean diet have been published and extensively reviewed in Ref. It is a moment of social exchange and communication, an affirmation and renewal of family, group or community identity.
Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
It plays a vital role in cultural spaces, festivals and celebrations, bringing together people of all ages, conditions and social classes. Food security, nutrition, and sustainability have been increasingly discussed in the same context 69 — The evolution of concepts surrounding the Mediterranean diet 2.
Mediterranean diet Mediterranean diet The Mediterranean diet involves a set of skills, knowledge, rituals, symbols and traditions concerning crops, harvesting, fishing, animal husbandry, conservation, processing, cooking, and particularly the sharing and consumption of food.The Mediterranean Diet is not just a “diet” but a cuisine and lifestyle based on diet and lifestyle of communities in the Mediterranean basin including Cyprus, Croatia, Spain, Greece, Italy, Morocco and Portugal.
The cuisine’s values are hospitality, neighbourliness, intercultural dialogue and creativity with respect for diversity.
“ The Mediterranean diet emphasises values of hospitality, neighbourliness, intercultural dialogue and creativity, and a way of life guided by respect for diversity. The Mediterranean Diet among the most Amazing Wonders of the World.
The Mediterranean Diet and Mediterranean Cuisine are one of the healthiest in the world. It is rich in fresh fruits, grains, vegetables, fish, and olive oils. The diet mainly originated from the culinary cultures of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Croatia and Morocco. The Mediterranean diet was formally accepted in November by Unesco and is now on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
The definition of the Mediterranean diet from Unesco emphasizes not only the food that is prepared but. The Mediterranean, more than just a sea.
Egyptian, Hebrew, Phoenician, Punic, Ancient Greek and many ancientmarinerslooe.com succession of civilizations has given its contribution to the richness and diversity of Mediterranean Diet. UNESCO has defined the Mediterranean Diet as Intangible Cultural Heritage, i.e., “a set of knowledge passed down from generation to generation, constantly recreated by the communities, with the ability to provide a feeling of identity and continuity while promoting the .